THE ROLE OF HAND EMBROIDERY IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION: A CASE STUDY OF GADAP TOWN, KARACHI
PDF

Keywords

Cottage industry
Opportunity
Poverty alleviation
Hand embroidery
Economic conditions

How to Cite

Rind, S. B., Farooq, K. ., & Adam, S. (2021). THE ROLE OF HAND EMBROIDERY IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION: A CASE STUDY OF GADAP TOWN, KARACHI. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 60(1), 145–164. https://doi.org/10.46568/jssh.v60i1.434

Abstract

This research topic is very important and shows the social causes of poverty alleviation. Poverty is today’s biggest problem in Pakistan. This research made an effort to find out and to discuss the related elements of poverty. The Researcher proposed to study problems and prospects of hand embroidery in the cottage industries, Cottage industry sector plays a dominant role in the economic development of countries. In developing countries cottage industries are especially important in the context of employment opportunities, equitable distribution of national income, balanced regional growth, and development of different areas. A sample of 70 home-based workers selected from convenience sampling in Gadap Town, Karachi. After assembling data, we found that the government is providing the required level of support to hand embroidery, Respondents cannot perform household chores along with their work and create differences in the domestic economic conditions.

https://doi.org/10.46568/jssh.v60i1.434
PDF

References

Sahibzada, M. H. (1997). Poverty Alleviation In Pakistan: Present Scenario And Future Strategy. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. p.208.

Junejo. (2011). Poverty as a social problem of Pakistan. Retrieved on October 7, 2013 From: http://jamshoro1.wordpress.com/2011/05/16/poverty-as-a-social-problem-of-pakistan/

World Bank (2000). Poverty in Pakistan: Issues, Priorities and Policy Options: a Concept Note, Paper Presented at a Seminar. Islamabad: World Bank.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (2001). Rural Poverty Report-2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

International Labor Organization (2003). Working out of poverty. Report of the Director-general in international Labor conference. Geneva: ILO.

Kemal, A. R. (1995). ‘Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan: An Evaluation of Public Strategies and Policies Adopted for Poverty Alleviation’, Organized by Institute of Policy Studies: Islamabad.

Malik S. (1996). ‘Determinants of Rural poverty in Pakistan: A Micro Study,’ The Pakistan Development Review 35 (2): pp.171-187.

Syed, H, M. (2019). The Cottage Industry, A Neglected Sector In Pakistan. Retrieved On October 28,2020 From: https://dailytimes.com.pk/427019/the-cottage-industry-a-neglected-sector-in-pakistan/

Tasneem, S., & Biswas, M. R. (2014). Role of Cottage Industry in the Economic Development of Bangladesh: An Empirical Study. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Volume 16, Issue 10.Ver. III, pp.10-18.

Aslam, A. (2013). Moving Towards Micro and Small Enterprise Lending Opportunities and Challenges. Islamabad: Pakistan Microfinance Network.

Abe, M., Troilo, M., Juneja, J., & Narain, S. (2012). Policy Guidebook for SME Development in Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok: United Nations Economic and Social commission for Asia and the Pacific.

Haider, S H., Asad, M., & Almansour, A. Z. A. (2015). Factors Influencing Growth of Cottage Industry In Punjab, Pakistan: Cottage Industry Owners’ Perspective. Paradigms: A Research Journal of Commerce, Economics, And Social Sciences Print ISSN 1996-2800, Online ISSN 2410-0854 2015, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 78-87.

Aslam, A. (2013). Moving Towards Micro and Small Enterprise Lending Opportunities and Challenges. Islamabad: Pakistan Microfinance Network.

Bhattacharyya, D. (2014). Cottage Industry Clusters In India In Improving Rural Livelihood: An Overview. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Studies, 1(1), pp.59-64

Tundui, C., & Tundui, H. (2012). Survival, Growth Strategies And Performance Of Women Owned Micro And Small Businesses In Tanzania. International Journal of Business & Management, 7(8), pp.143-155.

Ahmed, V., & Amjad, R. (1984). The Management of Pakistan's Economy 1947-82. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kaur, R., & Kaur, J. (2018). Traditional Hand Embroidery And Simple Hand-woven Structures for Garment Manufacturing Used in Small Scale Industry. International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, 7(6), pp.425-432.

Asian Development Bank. (1985). “Strategies for Economic Growth and Development." The Bank's Role in Pakistan. Manila.

Ismail, S. (2000). Elimination of Poverty: Challenges and Islamic Strategies, Islamic Economic Studies. Vol. 8, No. 1.

Misango, S. B., & Ongiti, O. K. (2013). "Do women entrepreneurs play a role in reducing poverty? A case in Kenya," International Review of Management and Business Research, vol. 2, pp.87-103.

Andaleeb, Anwar, S. F., & Saad, S. (2007). Factors Contributing To Small And Medium Enterprise Growth. International Review of Business Research Papers, 3(5), pp.44-53

Katz, J. A., & Green, R. P. (n.d.). Entrepreneurial Small Business. Boston Burr Ridge: McGraw-Hill Lrwin.

Noman, Omar. (1989). “Small Scale Industry in Pakistan with Special Reference to the Regulatory Framework. Islamabad, Pakistan. Print.

Perkins, D. (1977). “Rural Small-scale Industry in the People's Republic of China.” Berkeley: University of California, Print.

Syed, H, M. (2019). The Cottage Industry, A Neglected Sector In Pakistan. Retrieved On October 28,2020 From: https://dailytimes.com.pk/427019/the-cottage-industry-a-neglected-sector-in-pakistan/

Khan, N. (2018). Critical Review of Cottage and Small Scale Industries in Pakistan. Industrial Engineer Letters. Vol 8, no 3. pp 13-22.

Pin, G. (2019). Role of Women in Cottage Industry. Retrieved on October 28, 2020 From: https://www.pakissan.com/2019/01/22/role-of-women-in-cottage-industry/

Malik, M. H., Aftab, A. C., & Gillani, S. F. (1986). "Tax Exemption to the Cottage Industry: An Analysis of Some Issues". Islamabad: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics. Research Reports Series, No. 148.

Rizvi, F. H. (January 11, 2011), Lahore, Encouraging the Cottage Industry. Dawn Newspaper. Retrieved on October 27, 2020 From: https://www.dawn.com/news/599523

Amjad, R. and Kemal, A. R. (1997). ‘Macroeconomic Policies and Their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan’, The Pakistan Development Review 36 (1): pp.39-68.

Malik, S. Sharif, Imran and Jamal Z. (2000). ‘Rural Poverty Alleviation Pakistan: Land Redistribution as a Direct Policy Measure,’ Journal of Rural Development 33(1): pp.69-77.

Azid, T., Aslam, M. and Chaudary, M.O. (2001). ‘Poverty, Female Labor Force Participation, and Cottage Industry: A Case Study of Cloth Embroidery in Rural Multan’, The Pakistan Development Review 40 (4): pp.1105-1118.

Chaudhry, I. S., Malik, S. & Imran, A. (2006). ‘Urban Poverty and Governance: The Case of Multan City’. The Pakistan Development Review 45 (4): pp.819-830.

Chudhry, I. S. (2009). Poverty Alleviation in Southern Punjab (Pakistan): An Empirical Evidence from the Project Area of Asian Development Bank .International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, ISSN 1450-2887 Issue 23.

Arif, G. M. (2006) Targeting Efficiency of Poverty Reduction Programs in Pakistan, Pakistan Resident Mission Working Paper No. 4, May. Islamabad: Asian Development Bank.

Paulette, R. (2008) "Triangulation." In Given, Lisa (Ed.), "The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods." Sage Publications. Pp. 892-894.

Hayes, A. (2016). Stratified Random Sampling Retrieved on February 27, 2016 From: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/stratified_random_sampling.asp.

Newman, I., & Benz, Cr. R. (1998). Quantity-Qualitative Research Methodology: Exploring the Interactive Continuum. USA: Southern Illinois University Press.

Bruton, G. D., & Ketchen, D. J., (2013). "Entrepreneurship as a solution to poverty," Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 28, pp.683–689.

Sudarshan, R. M., & Sinha, S. (2001). Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO). Making Home-Based Work Visible. 521 Royal Exchange. Manchester.M2 7EN, United Kingdom.

Gereffi, G., Humphrey, J., & Sturgeon, T. (2005). “The Governance of Global Value Chains,” Review of International Political Economy, 12(1), pp. 78-104.

Lee. L. (2014). What Types of Products are Made in Cottage Industry? Retrieved on January 22, 2014 From: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-types-of-products-are-made-in-a-cottage-industry.htm

Singer, A. E. (2006). "Business strategy and poverty alleviation," Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 66, pp.225-231.

UNIFEM. (2000). A Preliminary Study on the Productive Linkages of Indian Industry with Home-based Women Workers through Subcontracting Systems in Manufacturing Sector. New Delhi: United Nations Development Fund for Women.

Gereffi, G., Humphrey, J., & Sturgeon, T. (2005). “The Governance of Global Value Chains,” Review of International Political Economy, 12(1), pp.78-104.

Gilbert, G. (1997). Adam Smith on the Nature and Causes of Poverty. Review of Social Economy, 55 (3), pp.273-291.

Jung, S. Y., & Smith, R. J. (2007). The Economics of Poverty: Explanatory Theories Of Inform Practice. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 16: 1-2, pp.21-39, DOI: 10.1300/J137V16n0103.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Siraj Basir Rind, Kinza Farooq, Shakir Adam

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...