Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities <p><em>The Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Arts &amp; Social Sciences, University of Karachi, is an HEC recognized 'Y' category, double blind international peer review, multi-disciplinary Social Sciences journal. It is an open access journal and published biannually by the Faculty of Arts &amp; Social Sciences, University of Karachi in the month of June and December since 1960s. The journal covers a wide array of topics from different learned scholars, ranging from international relations, psychology, political science and education to criminology. The studies are conducted on the broad spectrum of the topics ranging from socio cultural, economic and political changes, human behavior, globalization and financial crimes as well. All rights reserved.</em></p> <p><a href=""><strong>Invitation for a Book Review.</strong></a></p> en-US (Prof Dr Farah Iqbal) (Abdul Majid Modi) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500 OJS 60 SUBVERSION OF PRE-DEFINED FEMALE GENDER ROLES IN PAKISTANI SOCIETY: A FEMINIST ANALYSIS OF THE SHADOW OF THE CRESCENT MOON, BUTTERFLY SEASON AND STAINED <p><em>The present research aspires to represent the subversion of pre-defined gender roles in the novels;&nbsp;The Shadow of the Crescent Moon&nbsp;(2013) by Fatima Bhutto,&nbsp;Butterfly Season&nbsp;(2014) by Natasha Ahmed, and&nbsp;Stained&nbsp;(2016) by&nbsp;Abda&nbsp;Khan. The researchers had tried to depict the destabilization of gender-based stereotyped identity from the Pakistani perspective. The selected method of study was Feminist Analysis by Tyson (2006), which examined literature as a medium to represent feminist issues, whereas; the theoretical angle of “Matrix of Domination” from Collins’ (2004) Feminist/Gender theory was used as a principle to analyze and depict the subversion of pre-defined gender roles in the selected novels. Present study aimed to establish the notion of gender as a social construct that could be subverted through literary discourses that have the potential to challenge the power-based gender roles within a patriarchal society. In this regard, different critical works of prominent theorists and writers had been discussed briefly in the literature review to project the significance of the works by contemporary Pakistani women writers as a medium to subvert&nbsp;identities formed by their society. Gender was also a means of power, through which the dominant sought to control the subordinate. The objective of the research was to suggest that gender is socially constructed, therefore, it can be deconstructed through literature. The selected novels exemplify the current gender inclinations of today’s Pakistan with the pen of female writers. Stereotyped gender identity is a socially constructed vice that divides humans into segments, hence it is required of the contemporary discourses to decenter such power discourses that perpetuate hegemonic boundaries and restrict the women into social shackles of imposed identities.</em></p> Saba Zaidi, Mehwish Sahibzada, Sardar Ahmad Farooq Copyright (c) 2022 Saba Zaidi, Mehwish Sahibzada, Sardar Ahmad Farooq Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500 JAMAL KHASHOGGI’S MURDER: EXPLORING FRAMES IN CROSS-NATIONAL MEDIA COVERAGE <p><em>Present research study was aimed to examine the cross-national coverage and framing patterns about Jamal Khashoggi’s murder in international media through focusing on newspapers. Khashoggi; an internationally acclaimed US based Saudi journalist was brutally assassinated at Kingdom’s consulate in Turkey which created the global outcry. As the issue was made headlines worldwide for several months, the media from USA, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and Turkey; the most substantially and politically involved countries presumably used certain framing patterns in their coverage. To find out the difference in coverage intensity and media frames, a content analysis based comparative study of US, Saudi and Turkish newspapers was conducted which is guided by the framing theory of Mass Communication. The results showed that the media from three selected countries dealt the same issue with significant differences in coverage and framing patterns. Conclusion based on the findings that such differences in cross-national coverage patterns were influenced by the respective state’s ideology, interests, governance system, public narrative, or media settings. The study also explored some facts regarding freedom of expression and about journalists who have been targeted in reprisal of their professional work all over the world. The findings of the study elaborate that most of the newspapers used anti-Saudi frames in their coverage. So far as overall coverage is concerned Turkish and US papers provided a significant coverage to the issue while newspapers from Saudi Arabia provided least coverage to the issue as their media are highly state bound.</em></p> Saqib Riaz, Babar Hussain Shah, Mati ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2022 Saqib Riaz, Babar Hussain Shah, Mati ur Rehman Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500 BRI VS. B3W: A RIVALRY FOR ECONOMIC HEGEMONY: AN ARCHIVAL RESEARCH <p><em>The Belt and Road initiative was announced in 2013 under the administration of China’s President, Xi Jinping. It was designed to fulfill the aim of interconnecting Asia, Europe, and Africa through reliable connectivity networks. In reaction to it, the 47<sup>th</sup> summit of G7 in June 2021 has given a response to this Chinese Initiative with the idea of Build Back Better World (B3W). G7 tried to show that the world can have an alternative to BRI. The main objective of the study was to compare the feasibility of these two massive infrastructural projects. It is a qualitative document analysis of the previously published material on the related theme, that highlighted a competition of economic supremacy between the US and China. The research found that BRI was gaining enough popularity as compared to B3W in the eyes of the world specifically in connecting different regions.</em></p> Muhammad Arif Khan, Shah Nawaz Muhammad Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Arif Khan, Shah Nawaz Muhammad Khan Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500 FACTORS AFFECTING THE ADOPTION OF FINTECH SERVICES FOR BANK CLIENTS <p><em>Evolution of fintech services and the adoption of new emerging technology is what is seen in today’s world. Very few researchers have studies on the factors that affect the adoption of fintech services and how human behavior varies as technology changes. Apart from this, the advancement in mobile phones and the increase in the usage of them have increased the demand of the online financial services. In this paper the factors that have an impact of the adoption of fintech services through convenient sampling, have been considered and studied. The perceived ease of use, innovation, trust and government support were also studied. With the help of SPSS, it was concluded that each of these factors have a positive impact on the adoption of fintech services. Our model was based on TAM (technology acceptance model) and was adopted from our base article. The finding of this research can be used to make improvements in the existing fintech services and also in the development of new services.</em></p> Faheem Akhter, Muhammad Waqas, Sara Sohaib Copyright (c) 2022 Faheem Akhter, Muhammad Waqas, Sara Sohaib Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500 LITERARY CONFLICT BETWEEN M.H. PANHWAR AND DR. N.A. BALOCH: AN ARCHIVAL RESEARCH <p><em>The purpose of this study was to offer a brief biography of Mr. M.H. Panhwar and Dr. Nabi Bux Khan Baloch, as well as their work in Sindhological studies along with a brief description of their literary differences on the origin of Sindhi language and history. A systematic literature review methodology was used to explore the contribution and contradiction of both the scholars.&nbsp; The study found that both the scholars were renowned researchers who worked in the fields of history, archaeology, sociology, literature, and language. Both were up-to-dated academicians, but their scholarly interests in history, archaeology, language, and literature were diametrically opposed. The study revealed that M.H. Panhwar was a rigorous researcher who conducted studies using scientific techniques and with the assistance of archaeological and geographical evidence. The study further explored that Dr. N. A. Baloch was a folklorist, educationist and extensive writer whose ideological hypotheses were primarily based on mythology and preserved folk literature.</em></p> Aijaz Ali Thaheem, Muhammad Naseem Sarwar, Mumtaz Ali Bhutto Copyright (c) 2022 Aijaz Ali Thaheem, Muhammad Naseem Sarwar, Mumtaz Ali Bhutto Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0500